Diseases

Diseases

hyperkalemia treatment

Hyperkalemia Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Hyperkalemia treatment requires stabilizing the patient, shifting potassium into the cells, removing excess potassium from the body, and finding & treating the underlying cause. What is the normal potassium level in the plasma? Normal Potassium in the body is 98% intracellular (inside the cells) and 2% extracellular (in the plasma) The normal Potassium level in …

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acute intermittent porphyria

Acute intermittent porphyria – an overview

Acute Intermittent Porphyria is an autosomal dominant disorder resulting from a partial deficiency of PBG (porphobilinogen deaminase). Acute intermittent porphyria affects the central nervous system, peripheral, somatic and autonomic nervous system. Patients may present with intermittent attacks which may be life-threatening at times. Clinical features of Acute intermittent porphyria: Acute intermittent porphyria as the name …

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muscular dystrophy

Duchenne Muscular dystrophy – Diagnosis & Treatment

Duchenne Muscular dystrophy is an X-linked congenital disorder where the genes are inherited from an affected parent. It is a disorder affecting primarily the skeletal muscles leading to progressive muscle weakness. Since the dystrophin gene is present on the X chromosome, it mainly affects the males. A young child with Duchenne muscular dystrophy A 13 …

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kala pathar poisoning

Kala Pathar poisoning – Story of a dying patient …

Kala pathar or Paraphenylene Diamine (PPD) is a commonly used ingredient in Henna and hair dyes. Local skin reactions are very common, however, severe allergic reactions may follow after ingestion of minute quantities of the powder. Being very cheap and easily available, it is now commonly used for a suicidal purpose. Accidental ingestion by kids …

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diabetes types

Diabetes Types – What’s really new in the new classification

Diabetes is a hyperglycemic syndrome affecting almost every organ system of the body. The three diabetes types are: Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes The primary defect in diabetes is either an absolute or relative insulin deficiency or insulin resistance or both. Treatment goal of any diabetic patient is maintaining normal or …

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definition of myocardial infarction

New Definition/ classification of Myocardial Infarction

The American College of Cardiology Foundation, The joint task force of the European society of cardiology, the world heart federation and the American heart association (ACCF/ESC/WHF/AHA) have updated the definition of acute Myocardial infarction to incorporate the use of highly sensitive troponins in clinical practice. Definition of Myocardial Infarction They defined acute Myocardial infarction as …

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